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HERDIN Record #: PCHRDPC060047 Submitted: 17 May 2007 Modified: 18 September 2020

Ethnic differences in visceral adipose tissue and type 2 diabetes: Filipino, African-American, and white women.

 Barrett-Connor, E,
 Araneta, MR

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OBJECTIVE: To compare ethnic differences in visceral adipose tissue (VAT), assessed by computed tomography, and type 2 diabetes risk among 55- to 80-year-old Filipino, African-American, and white women without known cardiovascular disease RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Subjects were participants in the Rancho Bernardo Study (n=196), the Filipino Womens Health Study (n=181), and the Health Assessment Study of African-American Women (n=193). Glucose and anthropometric measurements were assessed between 1995 and 2002

RESULTS: African-American women had significantly higher age-adjusted BMI (29.7 kg/m(2)) and waist girth (88.1 cm) compared with Filipino (BMI, 25.5 kg/m(2); waist girth, 81.9 cm) or white (BMI: 26.0 kg/m(2); waist girth: 80.7 cm) women. However, VAT was significantly higher among Filipino (69.1 cm(3)) compared with white (62.3 cm(3); p=0.037) or African-American (57.5 cm(3), p 0.001) women. VAT correlated better with BMI (r

DISCUSSION: VAT was highest among Filipinas despite similar BMI and waist circumference as whites. BMI and waist circumference were weaker estimates of VAT in Filipino and African-American women than in whites. Type 2 diabetes prevalence was highest among Filipino women at every level of VAT, but VAT did not explain their elevated type 2 diabetes risk.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Obesity Research
Publication Date
August 2005
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Abstract pdf
Wiley Online Library Website Abstract External Link (View)