Joshua Miguel S. Colinares,
John Nino V. Delatore,
Cherryvic P. Obis,
Sean Kiven S. Pilapil,
Sharah Charisse T. Wang
This study was conducted to determine the effects of four (4) weeks of Kinesiology Taping on Pectoralis Minor Length and Total Scapular Distance among Office Workers with Rounded Shoulder Posture in Cebu Doctors' University at 1 Dr. P.V. Larrazabal Jr. Avenue North Reclamation Area, Mandaue City, Room 406. The study utilized one (1) experimental group and one (1) control group which were each composed of nine (9) office workers. Researchers assessed the Pectoralis Minor Length (PML) in inches with a tape measure from the inferomedial aspect of the coracoid process to the caudal edge of the 4th rib at the level of the sternum. Total Scapular Distance (TSD) was also assessed in inches measuring from the distance from the inferior angle of the acromion to the spinous process of the 3rd thoracic vertebrae.
The mean pretest and post-test measurements of the left and right PML and TSD were computed with their standard deviation to summarize the results. Pretest PML measurements for the control group was 6.92±0.14 for the left and 6.67±0.16 for the right, and for the experimental group, 6.59±0.14 for the left and 6.50±0.16 for the right. The pretest values of the TSD for the control group was 8.69±0.33 for the left and 8.66±0.31 for the right, meanwhile the experimental group had 8.74±0.27 for the left and 8.68±0.28 for the right. Both groups had positive shortening of the PML and lengthening of the TSD on both left and right. Based on the post-test measurements, the PML measurements for the control group was 6.92±0.14 for the left and 6.93±0.15 for the right, and for the experimental group, 7.27±0.21 for the left and 7.21±0.15 for the right. The post-test TSD for the control group was 8.33±0.31 for the left and 8.28±0.36 for the right, while the experimental group had a value of 7.74±0.22 for the left and 7.79±0.26 for the right. Paired t-test showed that there was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test measurements with an effect size of 0.97 for the left PML and 0.98 for the right PML, while left and right TSD both had an effect size of 0.99 for the experimental group. t values were 11.850 and 15.638 for the left and right PML respectively while the left and right TSD had a t value of -18.974 and -22.857 respectively.
Four (4) weeks of kinesiology taping has an effect on the post-test measurements on the control group receiving no stretch and on the experimental group receiving stretch. Although both groups had a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test, only the experimental group achieved within normal measurements of the PML and TSD. Based on the findings, the following are recommendations for future studies: Increasing the sample size of the subjects should be considered to investigate the clinical efficacy of kinesiology taping. The researchers would also like to recommend kinesiology taping with 100% stretch on office workers with rounded shoulder posture and also a study with a follow up checking on the long-term effects of kinesiology taping with an implementation period of more than four (4) weeks.
1. Ashcraft, T. J. . The effect of kinesio tape® applied to forward shoulder posture observed and quantified with diagnostic ultrasound. North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science. 2017. (MA) . Retrieved from: http://https://library.ndsu.edu/ir/handle/10365/28583
2. Ciccarelli, M. , Straker, L. , Mathiassen, S. E. , Pollock, C. . "Posture variation among office workers when using different information and communication technologies at work and away from work." Ergonomics
57(11): 1678-1686, 2014. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1080/00140139.2014.945493
3. Finley, M. , Goodstadt, N. , Soler, D. , Somerville, K. , Friedman, Z. , Ebaugh, D. . "Reliability and validity of active and passive pectoralis minor muscle length measures." Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
21(3): 212-218, 2017. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.04.004
4. Gulpinar, D. , Ozer, S. T. , Yesilyaprak, S. S. . "Effects of rigid and kinesio taping on shoulder rotation motions, posterior shoulder tightness, and posture in overhead athletes: A randomized controlled trial." Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
, 1-10, 2017. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1123/jsr.2017-0047
5. Hajibashi, A. , Amiri, A. , Sarrafzadeh, J. , Maroufi, N. , Jalaei, S. . "Effect of kinesiotaping and stretching exercise on forward shoulder angle in females with rounded shoulder posture." Journal of Rehabilitation Sciences and Research
1, 78-83, 2014. Retrieved from: http://jrsr.sums.ac.ir/index.php/jrsr/article/view/33
6. Han, J. , Lee, J. , Yoon, C. . "The mechanical effect of kinesiology tape on rounded shoulder posture in seated male workers: A single-blinded randomized controlled pilot study." Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
31(2): 120-125, 2015. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.3109/09593985.2014.960054
7. Gak, H. B. , Lee , J. H. , Kim, H. D. . "Efficacy of kinesiology taping for recovery of dominant upper back pain in female sedentary worker having a rounded shoulder posture." Technology and Health Care,
21(6): 607-612, 2013. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.3233/THC-130753
8. Kase, K. , Wallis, J. , Kase, T. . Clinical therapeutic applications of the Kinesio taping method. Albuquerque, NM: Kinesio Taping Association International., 2013.
9. Kaya, E. , Zinnuroglu, M. , Tugcu, I. . "Kinesio taping compared to physical therapy modalities for the treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome." Clinical Rheumatology
30(2): 201-207, 2011. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1007/s10067-010-1475-6
10. Kisner, C. , Colby, L. A. , Borstad, J. . The shoulder and shoulder girdle. Therapeutic exercise: Foundations and techniques (6th ed.) Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company., 2013. 539-617.
11. Kwon, J. W. , Son, S. M. , Lee, N. K. . "Changes in upper-extremity muscle activities due to head position in subjects with a forward head posture and rounded shoulders." Journal of Physical Therapy Science
27(6): 1739-1743, 2015. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1589/jpts.27.1739
12. Merino-Maban, R. , Fernández-Rodrioguez, E. , Iglesias-Navarette, P. , Mayorga-Vega, D. . "The effect of Kinesio taping on calf’s injuries prevention in triathletes during competition. Pilot experience" Journal of Human Sport & Exercise
6(2): 305-308, 2011. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.4100/jhse.2011.62.10
13. Singla, D. , Veqar, Z. . "Association between forward head, rounded shoulders, and increased thoracic kyphosis: a review of the literature." Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
16(3): 220-229, 2017. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1016/j.jcm.2017.03.004
14. Thelen, M. D. , Dauber, J. A. , Stoneman, P. D. . "The clinical efficacy of kinesio tape for shoulder pain: a randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial." Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
38(7): 389-395, 2008. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.2519/jospt.2008.2791.
15. Thigpen, C. A. , Padua, D. A. , Michener, L. A. , Guskiewicz, K. , Giuliani, C. , Keener, J. D. , Stergiou, N. . "Head and shoulder posture affect scapular mechanics and muscle activity in overhead tasks." Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
20(4): 701-709, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2009.12.003
16. Vichaiwong, K. , Thepamphan, K. , Nupong, J. , Srikittayawat, B. , Issarayangyuen, P. . "Long-term effects of elastic taping on rounded shoulder correction and pectoralis minor length in male young adults" Physiotherapy
101(Suppl 1): e1589-e159, 2015. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1596
17. Wong, C. K. , Coleman, D. , diPersia, V. , Song, J. , Wright , D. . "The effects of manual treatment on rounded-shoulder posture, and associated muscle strength" Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
14(4): 326–333, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1016/j.jbmt.2009.05.001